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REVIEW ARTICLE
How to write and publish a scientific manuscript in english: Introducing some practical guidelines for non-english speaking scholars
Mohsen Rezaeian
September-December 2015, 1(3):61-62
DOI:10.4103/2468-6565.190971  
Nowadays, the skill of writing scholarly articles in English has become a necessary skill for the researches. If you are a non-English speaking scholar who would like to write and publish a paper in English, you should read this article very carefully. The aim of this narrative review article is to provide non-English speaking scholars with the details of some practical guidelines on how to write and publish a scientific article in English.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Increasing physical activity for osteoporosis prevention among female students of Isfahan: A theory-based interventional study
Elaheh Tavassoli, Mohtasham Ghaffari
September-December 2015, 1(3):72-76
DOI:10.4103/2468-6565.190972  
Background: Undoubtedly regular physical activity has a crucial role in the prevention of many diseases, especially osteoporosis and also increasing mental and physical efficiency. Considering the importance of physical activity education for school age children, this study was performed to determine effect of health education on knowledge, perceptions and practice of the second grade middle schools' girl students in Isfahan related to osteoporosis preventive physical activity. Methodology: This is a quasi-experimental interventional study was conducted in Isfahan (2010). The research population encompasses 130 students that were randomly divided to groups, experimental (n = 66) and control (n = 64). The instruments for data collection were standard health belief model (HBM)-based scale and physical activity questionnaire. The standard scale was completed 3 times (before, immediately and 2 months after education) and physical activity questionnaire was completed 2 times (before and 2 months after education) by students of both groups. After pre-test, 4 educational sessions were performed in an experimental group. Finally, data collected and analysed by SPSS 16 software. Participation of individuals in this research was voluntary and with informed consent. Results: Findings showed that demographic characteristics of studied population in two groups were similar before intervention (P > 0.05). Before intervention, there were no significant differences between the scores of HBM structures in two groups (P> 0.001). After the intervention, it was observed significant differences in the levels of knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers and behaviour between experimental and control groups (P < 0.001). Conclusion: According results, intervention has a positive impact on the pattern of physical activity and it can be concluded that intervention is effective in increasing/improving the knowledge, individual perceptions and practice of the students.
  2,799 454 -
X syndrome prevalence among infertile women need reproductive technology In vitro fertilisation and intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Maryam Kianpour, Mina Fazlollahi Mohammadi, Ashraf Kazami, Seyed Mehdi Ahmadi
September-December 2015, 1(3):63-66
DOI:10.4103/2468-6565.190978  
Introduction: The different prevalence of metabolic syndrome in numerous populations justifies its determination in order to assist design strategies for screening programs to prevent long-term complications. Then, the current survey was aimed to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in infertile women referring to an infertility clinic in Isfahan city. Materials and Methods: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was determined in a cross-sectional survey conducted on 149 women require reproductive techniques in infertility clinics in Isfahan. These samples were selected using convenient sampling through patients referring in the clinic during January 2013 to June 2014. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to National Cholesterol Education Programme Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Results: The mean age of women was 32.2 ± 5.3 years. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 33.4% (49 women). With regards to the findings, the most frequent feature of metabolic syndrome was abdominal circumference by 70% (103 women) and the lowest one was about blood sugar by 18.2% (12 patients). Conclusion: The current results revealed that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in infertile women was 33.4%, then screening of infertile women in terms of indicators of syndrome before entering the costly process of reproductive technology recommended due to its adverse effect on fertility.
  1,996 1,115 -
A Survey of the Effect of Brief Solution-focused Approach on Reduction of Marital Conflicts
Marzieh Shahsiah
September-December 2015, 1(3):67-71
DOI:10.4103/2468-6565.190976  
Introduction: The adverse conflicts are the set of the events imposed on one or more family members or all of them or the family and affect all the family members. The present study is aimed to evaluate the effect of solution-focused approach on the reduction of the marital conflicts of the couples in Qom city. Methods: The method was semi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and experiment and control group. The study population was the couples referring family consulting centre and they were volunteers. The sample size was 50 couples being a volunteer in the study, and they were selected as convenient and random sampling method in experiment and control group. The study instrument was including a demographic questionnaire and marital conflict questionnaire of Sanayi. For data analysis, in addition to descriptive statistics methods, covariance analysis method was applied. Results: The data analysis showed that solution-focused approach was effective on whole marital conflict scale (F = 24.089, P< 0.001) and all the subscales of low collaboration (F = 7.4, P< 0.001), low sexual intercourse (F = 50.4, P< 0.001), increase of emotional reactions (F = 10.89, P< 0.001), increase of child support (F = 22.3, P< 0.001), increase of the relation with the relatives (F = 77.4, P< 0.001), reduction of the relation with the relatives and friends of the spouse (F = 31.02, P< 0.001), separating finances (F = 71.1, P< 0.001), and reduction of effective relation (F = 1.73, P< 0.001). Conclusion: The problem-solving skills among the couples can prevent many conflicts. Problem-solving training is of great importance as one of the life skills, and it is used more in solution-focused approach. By various techniques of this approach, we can help the couples with the problems that know the solution and improve their marital satisfaction.
  2,034 605 -
Human Health Hazard Posed by Textile Dyes: AGenotoxic Perspective
Zorawar Singh, Pooja Chadha
May-August 2015, 1(2):42-45
Background: Thousands of workers are annually engaged in textile industries. The workers engaged in textile dyeing processes are occupationally exposed to different set of dyes. Methods: In the present study, a group of 38 workers from a dyeing unit including dyers (n = 30) and managers (n = 08) were assessed for genotoxicity using micronucleus test in buccal mucosal cells. An equal number of the subjects (n = 38) matched with the exposed individuals were chosen as controls. Results: The results showed a significant increase in the frequency of micronucleated (MNed) cells in the exposed group as compared to the controls (Mann Whitney, P<0.001). Conclusion: Our finding clearly indicated the genotoxic hazard related to dyes in textile industry workers.
  2,274 318 -
Evaluating Dietary Perceptions Education Program among Rural Hypertensive Patients on Commitment and Adherence to Healthy Diet
Aziz Kamran, Aliakbar Shekarchi, Gholamreza Sharifirad, Elham Sharifian, Leila Shekarchi
January-April 2015, 1(1):7-12
Background: A healthy diet has beneficial effects on reducing risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. This study was aimed to determine the effect of theoretical educational program on commitment and adherence to healthy diet in rural hypertensive patients. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 138 hypertensive patients (68 in the intervention group and 70 in the control group) those referred to Ardabil rural health centers during 2013. The data were collected by a validated and reliable questionnaire. The pretest and posttest had an interval of 2 and 6 months. Health promotion model was used as a theoretical framework to explain the motivation of a behavior. Descriptive analysis, repeated measure, t-test, and T-paired with SPSS-18 were used to analyze data. Results: After intervention, knowledge scores, health promotion model constructs, and follow-up score increased significantly in the intervention group compared to the control group (P < 0.001). In contrast, perceived barriers reduced in the intervention group compared to the control group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Educational intervention provided based on Pender's health promotion model had a beneficial effect on commitment and adherence to healthy diet.
  2,081 306 -
Evaluating Life Skills Educational Program and Students' Empowerment: Study Protocol Based on Context, Input, Process, and Product Evaluation Model
Shervin-sadat Hashemian-Esfahani, Parastoo Golshiri, Ali-asghar Asadollahi Shahir, Elham Mozafarianpour, Arash Najimi
January-April 2015, 1(1):20-25
Introduction: The presented protocol is a part of psycho-behavioral empowerment program (sponsored by Isfahan University of Medical Sciences) and aims at studying the effect and the rate of its achievement to the determined goals. Materials and Methods: This is an observational study conducted in four relevant sections including: Contractual agreements, investigating documents, and interviewing the program's chief subjects according to context, input, process, and product (CIPP) evaluation checklist by external evaluators, examining some of the subjects including parents, Education Ministry advisors and staff of the related region, and after all conducting a cross-sectional study with one control group among life skills educational program participants. The study population included all the students, parents, principals, Education Ministry staff, and advisory experts. The data were collected through CIPP evaluation model checklist, CIPP evaluation model questionnaire, parents and advisors' attitude, and practice evaluation questionnaire, adolescent' abilities developmental questionnaire, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21. Conclusion: This study aims at designing a modern framework to evaluate the life skills educational program in the Iran based on CIPP evaluation model.
  1,994 246 -
The effect of marital counselling on sexual satisfaction of couples
Zahra Shams Mofaraheh, Saeedeh Botlani Esfahani, Marzieh Shahsiah
September-December 2015, 1(3):85-89
DOI:10.4103/2468-6565.190975  
Introduction: Aspects of one's sexual behaviours such as expectations, frequency, and types of behaviours affect one's sexual satisfaction. The current study investigated both sexual and non-sexual variables associated with sexual satisfaction. Nowadays, because of sexual dissatisfaction 50% of marriages are not successful. Since the unhealthy relationship between couples makes them dissatisfied, misunderstanding along with other circumstances make the foundation of the family unstable and possibly divorce will be increased. Therefore, marital counselling can give couples the necessary information for a good sexual life and helps the stability of the family and creates a healthy society. The purpose of this study is the effect of marital counselling on sexual satisfaction of couple in Shiraz. Methods: The research method is quasi-empirical in two groups of experimental and control. The sample contains 60 couples who are selected voluntarily but not randomly and then divided into two groups of experimental and control randomly. All the data are gathered by a questionnaire in two parts, demographic characteristics (with 6 questions) and Larsson ISS sexual satisfaction questionnaire. In the pre-test, data were based on a questionnaire which its validity and reliability were approved. Then a 4-month educational intervention program was used for the experimental group. After 1-month post-test was done for the two groups, and the data were analysed by statistical tests in the P≤ 05. Results: This study showed that 46.67% of women in experimental group and 53.33% in control group were 20–24 years old and t-test did not show any significant differences between the two groups (P> 0.05). Also, 53.3% of men in the experimental group and 50% in the control group were 25–29 years old and t-test did not show any significant difference between the two groups (P≥ 0/05). Chi-square test showed that in post-test there was a significant difference in men and women sexual satisfaction (P = 0/002). Conclusion: The research findings showed that marital counselling effects on the quality of sexual relationship and increase couples' sexual satisfaction. Marital counselling, with the prevention of sexual diseases and sexual dysfunctions, is one of the most effective methods of health education to help people to improve their quality of life through the improvement of sexual satisfaction and their relationships.
  1,943 214 -
Developing Nurse's Educational Program Regarding Pain Management of Cancerous Patient: Does Health Belief Model Useful?
Hossein Shahnazi, Gholamreza Sharifirad
May-August 2015, 1(2):46-50
Background: Some of reasons such as fear from side effects of anti-pain drugs, fear from decreasing concentration in disease treatment, and believe that pain unseparatable section from cancer, resulted that treatment staff such as nurses who are patients main caregivers do not have suitable approach toward cancer pain management. This study aims to determine application of Health Belief Model (HBM) in nurses education regarding pain management of cancerous patients. Materials and Methods: In this prospective quasi-experimental study, among educational hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences two eligible hospitals (Al-Zahra and Seyed Al-Shohada) have considered to do study. Data gathering tool was HBM base questionnaire which after confirmation of validity and reliability has completed by two groups. Two and six months after educational intervention, questionnaire completed by two groups again. Resulted data entered to SPSS version 18, (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) software and analysed by related statistical tests at significant level of P < 0.05. Results: Finding showed that, the mean scores HBM constructs hadn't have significant difference between two groups before educational intervention (P>0.05). Measuring the mean scores 2 and 6 months after educational intervention showed significant differences between two groups in case of mentioned variables (P< 0.001). Repeated measure ANOVA test indicated that 2 and 6 months after education, the mean scores of HBM constructs have significantly increased in the intervention group (P< 0.001). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate the effectiveness of educational intervention based on HBM in increasing knowledge and attitude of nurses regarding pain management in cancerous patient. Since, the palliative care is a new topic, doing similar studies with patient and cure staff target groups will be promoted pain management approach in the country.
  1,856 249 -
Effect of Training with Teaching Methods Designed Based on Health Belief Model on Knowledge and Self-efficacy in Nurses on the Disciplines Standard Precautions in Hospitals
M Khatun Ghanbary, M Shamsi, M Khorsandi, A Farazi, M Ranjbaran, B Eshrati
May-August 2015, 1(2):51-55
Background: Since education is one of the main elements of prevention and control of nosocomial infections, this study aimed to effect of training with teaching methods designed based on health belief model (HBM) on knowledge and self-efficacy in nurses on the disciplines and standard precautions were taken. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study that was carried out on 100 nurses 50 in experimental and 50 nurses in control group of nurses working hospitals. Data collection tool performed a valid and reliable questionnaire on HBM on preventive behaviours of nosocomial infections. Statistical analysis was performed using t-test, paired t-test and Chi-square. Results: Mean age in the groups of intervention and control was 35.20 ± 7/41 years and 35.02 ± 7/38 , respectively. Before the intervention, mean scores of the knowledge and self-efficacy of nosocomial infection in the two groups do not have a significant statistical difference. However, after the theory-based training intervention, the mean scores for these variables have significant statistical differences between the two groups (P< 0.05). Conclusion: According to these study results, executives of the plan support the efficacy of the model on promoting knowledge and self-efficacy on the disciplines and standard precautions in nurses. Therefore, use of this model is recommended in health centres and hospitals.
  1,802 262 -
The Impact of Educational Intervention Based on Theory of Planned Behaviour on Housewives Aged 20–45Years Old Physical Activity in Naein
Gholamreza Sharifirad, Fatemeh Saber, Akbar Hasanzadeh, Elham Mozaffarianpour
May-August 2015, 1(2):35-41
Introduction: Today a sedentary life is known as a serious problem in Iran. Promoting lifestyle by increasing the amount of physical activity in order to achieve women's health and prevent cardiovascular diseases is essential. This study aimed at determining the impact of educational intervention based on Theory of Planned Behaviour on Housewives aged 20–45 years old physical activity in Naeincity in 2013. Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental prospective study Shohada Health Center and Shahid Hosseini health base were chosen among all Naein Health Centers and bases. Shohada Health Center and Shahid Hosseini base were randomly chosen as respectively, the intervention and the comparison groups. Totally, 92 women of qualified housewives (46 women from each base and centre) were chosen according to sample volume counting formula and entered the study. The study information has been collected using a designed questionnaire based on standard and autogenic questionnaires and involved 4 parts: Background variables, knowledge, Theory of Planned Behaviour factors. After being confirmed in terms of validity and reliability the autogenic questionnaire was given to intervention and comparison group members thus the information was gathered before the intervention. Then four educating sessions were held for the intervention group and immediately and 3 months afterwards the questionnaire was fallen out again by both groups. Obtained information was analysed by SPSS 18 software using statistical tests including: Independent t-test, variance analysis using recurrent observations, Squaring and Mann–Whitney test. Results: The findings determined that the mean score of Theory of Planned Behaviour factors and pre-intervention functions had not significantly changed (P > 0.05). However, measuring the scores immediately and 3 months after the educational intervention demonstrated that the scores of both the Theory of Planned Behaviour factors and the function in intervention group immediately and 3 months after education sessions were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Conclusion: It seems that although housewives have got a positive attitude towards the advantages of physical activity but they have also got an improper lifestyle. Further studies were concerning the causes of this problem and removing physical activity obstacles such as providing more facilities for physical activity and promoting women health which play a vital role in family and society health.
  1,623 252 -
Life Skills Training Programs and Empowerment of Students in Schools: Development, Reliability and Validity of Context, Input, Processes, and Product Evaluation Model Scale
Shervin-sadat Hashemian-Esfahani, Arash Najimi, Ahmadreza Zamani, Ali-asghar Asadollahi Shahir, Nahid Geramian, Parastoo Golshiri
January-April 2015, 1(1):26-30
Induction: This study aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the evaluation scale based on context, input, processes, and product (CIPP) evaluation model, within the framework of life skills education programs in schools of Isfahan (Iran) was performed.Methods: Researcher designed scale of the study was prepared with regard to the objectives of the program based on the checklists of CIPP evaluation model. The primary scale had 43 items. Face validity and content validity of the scale were examined using a panel of experts. Ultimately, the scale was conducted in a group of people participating in the program. Exploratory factor analysis was used to evaluate the construct validity, and Cronbach's alpha was used to measure internal consistency. Results: Content validity index of the scale was 0.84. The results of the factor analysis indicated that the CIPP evaluation model scale consisted of four factors: CIPP and included 34 items. Reliability confident was calculated 0.87 for the whole scale and 0.82-0.93 for four factors. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that the scale based on the CIPP evaluation model as a valid and reliable instrument can be used in the evaluation of life skills training program.
  1,632 226 -
REVIEW ARTICLE
A Study on Pathophysiology, Diagnostic and Treatment Procedures for Preeclampsia Syndrome
Mahdi Gholam Zadeh Baeis, Mojtaba MiladiNia, Shahram Baraz, Siamak Mohebi
May-August 2015, 1(2):31-34
Preeclampsia falls under a top priority pursued by the World Health Organisation. Despite several decades of extensive research into its aetiology, this disease has remained unknown. It seems that more than one pathophysiological factor contributes to increased blood pressure. With regard to the importance of preeclampsia, researchers have attempted to examine the hypotheses concerning the pathophysiology of the disease so as to obtain a broad approach to causes, possible treatments and early diagnosis. This study is based on the literature review relying on a total of 61 papers retrieved from several information banks and academic search engines, including, PubMed, Proquest, Elsevier and Scopus. These papers were selected through a number of designs such as cross-sectional, cohort, clinical trial and systematic review. Furthermore, the Persian papers were selected from databases such as Iranmedex and Medlib, as well as article search, on local web-based scientific journals. The investigation revealed that zinc plays a key role in prevention from preeclampsia. On the other hand, preeclampsia can be diagnosed, and potential risks can be evaluated based on measurements made during periods sooner than the third trimester. Moreover, preeclampsia can be treated by prescribing vitamin supplements and modification of diet. Furthermore, the additional supply of calcium has been useful in the treatment of preeclampsia in some areas, while it might be ineffective in some others. Finally, it can be argued that higher beta-human chorionic gonadotropin can indicate the severity of the disease, but it is of little value in early diagnosis of the medical condition. Having examined the studies done so far, it was found out that there are numerous parameters for early diagnosis and treatment of preeclampsia, even though they are far from comprehensive. These methods seem to be responding differently in every region. Therefore, it is recommended that such parameters be evaluated in various regions so as to pinpoint their effects.
  1,563 272 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Tobacco Use among Adults and its Associated Factors in a Rural Area in Karnataka, India
B Bhavya, Catherin Nisha, S Ankit, EN Joseph, BK Anusha, P Omkar, CJ Navya, NS Deepthi, BR Goud
May-August 2015, 1(2):56-59
Background: Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of premature death and disease, currently causing over 5 million deaths per year globally, accounting for 9% of annual deaths. We conducted this research to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and its associated factors, among adults in a rural area in Karnataka, India. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted in a rural area of Bangalore Urban district Karnataka, India using systematic random sampling with a sample size of 295 adults. A door to door survey was conducted during July to August 2012, using a validated questionnaire adapted from Global Adult Tobacco Survey, India. Results: The study population comprised of 157 males (53%) and 138 females (47%). The prevalence of tobacco use was found to be 39.3% of which 17.3% were current tobacco smokers and 22% used smokeless form of tobacco. There was a significant association between smoking and age, literacy, and socioeconomic status. We found that 59% of smokers had attempted to quit in the past 12 months as compared to 44% in smokeless tobacco users. About 61% of current smokers who noticed health warnings on cigarette packs attempted to quit. Conclusion: Smoking form of tobacco use was higher among males and smokeless tobacco use was higher among females.
  1,369 219 -
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Nasal Carriage Among Health-care Workers: Decolonization and Follow-up Study Conducted in a Tertiary Care Hospital
P Thilakavathy, GS Vijaykumar, A Ramesh, Anand B Janagond, T Rajendran, SS Jeremiah, G Vithiya
January-April 2015, 1(1):16-19
Background: Hospitals worldwide are increasingly concerned by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In recent years, nasal colonization of MRSA among health-care workers (HCWs) is one of the major sources of nosocomial infections in the hospital. The aim of the study was to find out the prevalence of MRSA carriers among the heath care workers and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates and postdecolonization screening for clearance of MRSA. Materials and Methods: Nasal swabs of HCWs were collected, cultured, and identified as MRSA using standard microbiological procedures. Antibiotic susceptibility was done by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. Decolonization with mupirocin ointment was given to MRSA carriers and postdecolonization screening was done. Results: Nasal carriage rate among the HCW was found to be 3.25%. MRSA isolates showed higher resistance erythromycin (40%) followed by ciprofloxacin (30%) and all the isolates were sensitive to amikacin, teicoplanin, linezolid, mupirocin, and rifampicin. Successful decolonization was done for 9 (2.9%) MRSA carriers. Conclusion: Screening and decolonization of HCWs MRSA status should always be part of a comprehensive infection control policy including staff education and emphasizing high compliance with hand hygiene and contact precautions.
  1,368 216 -
"Bam Earthquake" Versus "Hurricane Katrina": How Scientific Communities have Responded to these Natural Disasters by Publishing Scholarly Articles
Mohsen Rezaeian
January-April 2015, 1(1):3-6
Objectives: On December 2003 in Iran, the "Bam earthquake" caused 43,000 people lost. On August 2005 in the United States, "Hurricane Katrina" caused 986 people lost. The aim of the current study was to determine how scientific communities have responded to these natural disasters by documenting the different aspects of them in the format of scientific articles. Methods: The well-known PubMed search engine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) was searched in June 2014 using "Bam earthquake" and "Hurricane Katrina" as the keywords. In the second round of the search, the Persian Scientific Information Database search engine (http://www.sid.ir/fa/index.asp) was also searched using two previous keywords that were translated into Persian. Results: The first search strategy retrieved 54 articles for "Bam earthquake" and 864 articles for "Hurricane Katrina." The second search strategy retrieved 66 articles for "Bam earthquake" and 0 articles for "Hurricane Katrina." Dividing the total retrieved articles by the number of deaths has revealed that for "Bam earthquake" nearly 0.0028 articles and for "Hurricane Katrina" nearly 0.88 articles per death have been indexed, respectively. Conclusions: The results of the current study have clearly demonstrated that overall there are shortages of scientific studies of "Bam earthquake" in comparison to "Hurricane Katrina."
  1,402 170 -
The investigation of nutritional status in hypertensive elderly patients according to the behavioural intention model in health care centers of chaharmahal and bakhtiary province
Masoome Alidosti, Fatemeh Amini, Elahe Tavassoli, Akbar Babaei Heydarabadi
September-December 2015, 1(3):90-93
DOI:10.4103/2468-6565.190977  
Background: Nowadays, the population of old people is growing worldwide and the diseases and complications related to it, especially hypertension may lead to many disabilities and impose high costs on the society. This study is conducted to assess the nutritional knowledge, attitude and performance of hypertensive elderly patients by means of behavioural intention model. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study in 2012, 100 elderly persons, referred to Farsan health center were selected randomly. The data collection was performed by a questionnaire consisted of four sections: Knowledge, attitude, performance and demographic data. Result: 79 people (79%) of the participants were female and 21 (21%) were male. 93% of them were unemployed and 78% were married. 60% of the participants had not a family history of hypertension and 93% had never been trained about hypertension. 62% of the studied elderly patients had hypertension for about 5 years. Although the mean score of knowledge and performance was low, the mean score of attitude (belief subscales of the model) was high. The mean scores in men and women were compared and no statistically significant difference was observed (P > 0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, i recommended to plan and implement proper educational programs to promote hypertensive elderly patients' knowledge, attitude and performance. By this way, we may reduce the complications of this disease.
  1,366 193 -
MINI REVIEW
How to Select the Best Possible Supervisor
Mohsen Rezaeian
January-April 2015, 1(1):1-2
If you are going to take a thesis or dissertation during your study period having the best possible supervisor is a vital issue. Since a well-experienced supervisor makes this part of your educational program productive and fruitful, the aim of the present article was to provide its reader with a few practical advices on how to select the best possible supervisor.
  1,377 174 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Relationships between Adherence to Medication, Patients' Beliefs and Demographic Factors
Aziz Kamran, Aliakbar Shekarchi, Davar Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi Savadpour
January-April 2015, 1(1):13-15
Introduction: Patients' adherence to medication has an important role in controlling the disease and is the key to treatment success; however, the situation of patients' adherence to medication is not optimal and despite the importance of the issue, little research has been conducted in Iran to investigate the factors influencing it. Objective: This study focuses on determining the relationships between adherence to medication, patients' beliefs and some demographic factors in patients with chronic diseases. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 patients with a chronic disease in the hospitals and clinics in the Khalkhal city in the year 2014. Data were collected through interviews by questionnaires of the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale and the Beliefs about Medication Questionnaire and were analyzed using the SPSS software (version 18) through Chi-square test and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Results: Findings showed that 42.5% of the participants were male and the rest were female (57.5%) with an average age of 33 ± 13.7. Nineteen percentage of the participants specified that they had no problem taking their medication as directed; but, 58.5% of the patients usually discontinued their medications after feeling better. Concerning the demographic factors, the level of education had a significant relationship with drug discontinuation without counseling a doctor, the feeling of being worse by medication use was significantly higher in male patients and no significant relationship was observed between adherence to medication and age. The results also indicated a significant relationship between adherence to medication and patients' medication beliefs. Conclusions: Regardless of the type of the disease, patients with more positive beliefs about medication had higher adherence to medications as well; therefore, identifying the factors influencing patients' medication beliefs can improve their medication adherence and controlling of the disease.
  1,277 223 -
The relationship between sonic nuisance and self-efficacy among nurses in Behbahan
Masoome Alidosti, Gholam Reza Sharifirad, Maedeh Majlesi, Somaye Alibabaei
September-December 2015, 1(3):77-80
DOI:10.4103/2468-6565.190973  
Background: Sound integral component of human life, but it seems the development of technology, sound in the hospital environment increased beyond the level of international standards. Voice Above Limit, the negative effects on the health of employee will have and it can affect the quality of service and efficiency. This study aimed to 'determine the relationship between Sonic Nuisance and self-efficacy among nurses in Behbaha' was performed in 2014. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the population of nurses in PA and on the basis of a sample of 151 nurses were randomly classified using the proportional allocation of the 3 hospitals were enrolled. Data collection tools of self-efficacy questionnaire Sherer and questionnaires Sonic Nuisance that level of personal sensitivity to noise was the sound measures. Data Software SPSS (IBM.com/software/analytics/spss) 16 using analysis of variance, correlation coefficient Pearson analysis and P< 0/05 was considered significant. Results: 25/8% male nurses and 74/2% were female. The mean score of self-efficacy was 60/89 ± 6/58, and the mean sensitivity to sound and Sonic Nuisance of the 63/7 ± 22/98 and 56/52 ± 22/68, respectively. Between self-efficacy and sensitivity to sound (P = 0/005, r = −0/22), and Sonic Nuisance (P = 0/001, r = 2212–0/22) had a significant negative relationship. Conclusions: This study showed that with increased sensitivity and Sonic Nuisance, reduced self-efficacy nurses. Therefore, strategies to reduce noise pollution in hospitals seem to be a step towards creating a healthier work environment and increase the self-efficacy of our nurses.
  1,290 165 -
Attitude of the students of north khorasan university of medical sciences towards their job prospects in 2013
Masoumeh Taherpour, Jamile Rahimi, Ysaman Jafari, Hamid Reza Mohaddes Hakkak
September-December 2015, 1(3):81-84
DOI:10.4103/2468-6565.190974  
Background and Objective: Knowledge of students' attitude towards their job prospect may be useful for predicting social behaviours and after the event interpreting to provide the necessary information to the officials to create a job motivation through reviewing the employment and training programs. This study is aimed to determine the attitudes of the students of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences towards their job prospects and effective factors in 2012–2013. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 90 students of public health, environmental health and occupational health were studied. The data related to the students' demographic information and their attitude were collected through a valid and reliable attitude questionnaire. The data were analysed through t-test, ANOVA and correlation analysis using SPSS 19 software at the significance level of 0.05. Results: The students' mean age was 21.4 ± 2.79 and the average scores of students' attitude was 65.8 ± 10.5. The results of the analysis indicated that there is no significant relationship between the students' attitude with variables of age, the number of terms passed, marital status, employment status and financial situation; further, there is a significant relationship between attitude and the variables of average, gender, orientation and social status (P < 0.05). Discussion and Conclusion: Despite the prevailing perception in the community, the results of this study demonstrate the positive attitude of health students towards their job prospects. At the same time, low positive attitude towards job prospects among students in some fields of health reveals the necessity of an appropriate policy making by the authorities in future planning to establish a clearer horizon of job prospects for the students.
  1,197 185 -