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   Table of Contents - Current issue
September-December 2015
Volume 1 | Issue 3
Page Nos. 61-93

Online since Wednesday, September 21, 2016

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How to write and publish a scientific manuscript in english: Introducing some practical guidelines for non-english speaking scholars Highly accessed article p. 61
Mohsen Rezaeian
Nowadays, the skill of writing scholarly articles in English has become a necessary skill for the researches. If you are a non-English speaking scholar who would like to write and publish a paper in English, you should read this article very carefully. The aim of this narrative review article is to provide non-English speaking scholars with the details of some practical guidelines on how to write and publish a scientific article in English.
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X syndrome prevalence among infertile women need reproductive technology In vitro fertilisation and intracytoplasmic sperm injection p. 63
Maryam Kianpour, Mina Fazlollahi Mohammadi, Ashraf Kazami, Seyed Mehdi Ahmadi
Introduction: The different prevalence of metabolic syndrome in numerous populations justifies its determination in order to assist design strategies for screening programs to prevent long-term complications. Then, the current survey was aimed to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in infertile women referring to an infertility clinic in Isfahan city. Materials and Methods: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was determined in a cross-sectional survey conducted on 149 women require reproductive techniques in infertility clinics in Isfahan. These samples were selected using convenient sampling through patients referring in the clinic during January 2013 to June 2014. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to National Cholesterol Education Programme Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Results: The mean age of women was 32.2 ± 5.3 years. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 33.4% (49 women). With regards to the findings, the most frequent feature of metabolic syndrome was abdominal circumference by 70% (103 women) and the lowest one was about blood sugar by 18.2% (12 patients). Conclusion: The current results revealed that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in infertile women was 33.4%, then screening of infertile women in terms of indicators of syndrome before entering the costly process of reproductive technology recommended due to its adverse effect on fertility.
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A Survey of the Effect of Brief Solution-focused Approach on Reduction of Marital Conflicts p. 67
Marzieh Shahsiah
Introduction: The adverse conflicts are the set of the events imposed on one or more family members or all of them or the family and affect all the family members. The present study is aimed to evaluate the effect of solution-focused approach on the reduction of the marital conflicts of the couples in Qom city. Methods: The method was semi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and experiment and control group. The study population was the couples referring family consulting centre and they were volunteers. The sample size was 50 couples being a volunteer in the study, and they were selected as convenient and random sampling method in experiment and control group. The study instrument was including a demographic questionnaire and marital conflict questionnaire of Sanayi. For data analysis, in addition to descriptive statistics methods, covariance analysis method was applied. Results: The data analysis showed that solution-focused approach was effective on whole marital conflict scale (F = 24.089, P< 0.001) and all the subscales of low collaboration (F = 7.4, P< 0.001), low sexual intercourse (F = 50.4, P< 0.001), increase of emotional reactions (F = 10.89, P< 0.001), increase of child support (F = 22.3, P< 0.001), increase of the relation with the relatives (F = 77.4, P< 0.001), reduction of the relation with the relatives and friends of the spouse (F = 31.02, P< 0.001), separating finances (F = 71.1, P< 0.001), and reduction of effective relation (F = 1.73, P< 0.001). Conclusion: The problem-solving skills among the couples can prevent many conflicts. Problem-solving training is of great importance as one of the life skills, and it is used more in solution-focused approach. By various techniques of this approach, we can help the couples with the problems that know the solution and improve their marital satisfaction.
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Increasing physical activity for osteoporosis prevention among female students of Isfahan: A theory-based interventional study p. 72
Elaheh Tavassoli, Mohtasham Ghaffari
Background: Undoubtedly regular physical activity has a crucial role in the prevention of many diseases, especially osteoporosis and also increasing mental and physical efficiency. Considering the importance of physical activity education for school age children, this study was performed to determine effect of health education on knowledge, perceptions and practice of the second grade middle schools' girl students in Isfahan related to osteoporosis preventive physical activity. Methodology: This is a quasi-experimental interventional study was conducted in Isfahan (2010). The research population encompasses 130 students that were randomly divided to groups, experimental (n = 66) and control (n = 64). The instruments for data collection were standard health belief model (HBM)-based scale and physical activity questionnaire. The standard scale was completed 3 times (before, immediately and 2 months after education) and physical activity questionnaire was completed 2 times (before and 2 months after education) by students of both groups. After pre-test, 4 educational sessions were performed in an experimental group. Finally, data collected and analysed by SPSS 16 software. Participation of individuals in this research was voluntary and with informed consent. Results: Findings showed that demographic characteristics of studied population in two groups were similar before intervention (P > 0.05). Before intervention, there were no significant differences between the scores of HBM structures in two groups (P> 0.001). After the intervention, it was observed significant differences in the levels of knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers and behaviour between experimental and control groups (P < 0.001). Conclusion: According results, intervention has a positive impact on the pattern of physical activity and it can be concluded that intervention is effective in increasing/improving the knowledge, individual perceptions and practice of the students.
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The relationship between sonic nuisance and self-efficacy among nurses in Behbahan p. 77
Masoome Alidosti, Gholam Reza Sharifirad, Maedeh Majlesi, Somaye Alibabaei
Background: Sound integral component of human life, but it seems the development of technology, sound in the hospital environment increased beyond the level of international standards. Voice Above Limit, the negative effects on the health of employee will have and it can affect the quality of service and efficiency. This study aimed to 'determine the relationship between Sonic Nuisance and self-efficacy among nurses in Behbaha' was performed in 2014. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the population of nurses in PA and on the basis of a sample of 151 nurses were randomly classified using the proportional allocation of the 3 hospitals were enrolled. Data collection tools of self-efficacy questionnaire Sherer and questionnaires Sonic Nuisance that level of personal sensitivity to noise was the sound measures. Data Software SPSS (IBM.com/software/analytics/spss) 16 using analysis of variance, correlation coefficient Pearson analysis and P< 0/05 was considered significant. Results: 25/8% male nurses and 74/2% were female. The mean score of self-efficacy was 60/89 ± 6/58, and the mean sensitivity to sound and Sonic Nuisance of the 63/7 ± 22/98 and 56/52 ± 22/68, respectively. Between self-efficacy and sensitivity to sound (P = 0/005, r = −0/22), and Sonic Nuisance (P = 0/001, r = 2212–0/22) had a significant negative relationship. Conclusions: This study showed that with increased sensitivity and Sonic Nuisance, reduced self-efficacy nurses. Therefore, strategies to reduce noise pollution in hospitals seem to be a step towards creating a healthier work environment and increase the self-efficacy of our nurses.
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Attitude of the students of north khorasan university of medical sciences towards their job prospects in 2013 p. 81
Masoumeh Taherpour, Jamile Rahimi, Ysaman Jafari, Hamid Reza Mohaddes Hakkak
Background and Objective: Knowledge of students' attitude towards their job prospect may be useful for predicting social behaviours and after the event interpreting to provide the necessary information to the officials to create a job motivation through reviewing the employment and training programs. This study is aimed to determine the attitudes of the students of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences towards their job prospects and effective factors in 2012–2013. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 90 students of public health, environmental health and occupational health were studied. The data related to the students' demographic information and their attitude were collected through a valid and reliable attitude questionnaire. The data were analysed through t-test, ANOVA and correlation analysis using SPSS 19 software at the significance level of 0.05. Results: The students' mean age was 21.4 ± 2.79 and the average scores of students' attitude was 65.8 ± 10.5. The results of the analysis indicated that there is no significant relationship between the students' attitude with variables of age, the number of terms passed, marital status, employment status and financial situation; further, there is a significant relationship between attitude and the variables of average, gender, orientation and social status (P < 0.05). Discussion and Conclusion: Despite the prevailing perception in the community, the results of this study demonstrate the positive attitude of health students towards their job prospects. At the same time, low positive attitude towards job prospects among students in some fields of health reveals the necessity of an appropriate policy making by the authorities in future planning to establish a clearer horizon of job prospects for the students.
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The effect of marital counselling on sexual satisfaction of couples p. 85
Zahra Shams Mofaraheh, Saeedeh Botlani Esfahani, Marzieh Shahsiah
Introduction: Aspects of one's sexual behaviours such as expectations, frequency, and types of behaviours affect one's sexual satisfaction. The current study investigated both sexual and non-sexual variables associated with sexual satisfaction. Nowadays, because of sexual dissatisfaction 50% of marriages are not successful. Since the unhealthy relationship between couples makes them dissatisfied, misunderstanding along with other circumstances make the foundation of the family unstable and possibly divorce will be increased. Therefore, marital counselling can give couples the necessary information for a good sexual life and helps the stability of the family and creates a healthy society. The purpose of this study is the effect of marital counselling on sexual satisfaction of couple in Shiraz. Methods: The research method is quasi-empirical in two groups of experimental and control. The sample contains 60 couples who are selected voluntarily but not randomly and then divided into two groups of experimental and control randomly. All the data are gathered by a questionnaire in two parts, demographic characteristics (with 6 questions) and Larsson ISS sexual satisfaction questionnaire. In the pre-test, data were based on a questionnaire which its validity and reliability were approved. Then a 4-month educational intervention program was used for the experimental group. After 1-month post-test was done for the two groups, and the data were analysed by statistical tests in the P≤ 05. Results: This study showed that 46.67% of women in experimental group and 53.33% in control group were 20–24 years old and t-test did not show any significant differences between the two groups (P> 0.05). Also, 53.3% of men in the experimental group and 50% in the control group were 25–29 years old and t-test did not show any significant difference between the two groups (P≥ 0/05). Chi-square test showed that in post-test there was a significant difference in men and women sexual satisfaction (P = 0/002). Conclusion: The research findings showed that marital counselling effects on the quality of sexual relationship and increase couples' sexual satisfaction. Marital counselling, with the prevention of sexual diseases and sexual dysfunctions, is one of the most effective methods of health education to help people to improve their quality of life through the improvement of sexual satisfaction and their relationships.
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The investigation of nutritional status in hypertensive elderly patients according to the behavioural intention model in health care centers of chaharmahal and bakhtiary province p. 90
Masoome Alidosti, Fatemeh Amini, Elahe Tavassoli, Akbar Babaei Heydarabadi
Background: Nowadays, the population of old people is growing worldwide and the diseases and complications related to it, especially hypertension may lead to many disabilities and impose high costs on the society. This study is conducted to assess the nutritional knowledge, attitude and performance of hypertensive elderly patients by means of behavioural intention model. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study in 2012, 100 elderly persons, referred to Farsan health center were selected randomly. The data collection was performed by a questionnaire consisted of four sections: Knowledge, attitude, performance and demographic data. Result: 79 people (79%) of the participants were female and 21 (21%) were male. 93% of them were unemployed and 78% were married. 60% of the participants had not a family history of hypertension and 93% had never been trained about hypertension. 62% of the studied elderly patients had hypertension for about 5 years. Although the mean score of knowledge and performance was low, the mean score of attitude (belief subscales of the model) was high. The mean scores in men and women were compared and no statistically significant difference was observed (P > 0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, i recommended to plan and implement proper educational programs to promote hypertensive elderly patients' knowledge, attitude and performance. By this way, we may reduce the complications of this disease.
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