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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 90-93

The investigation of nutritional status in hypertensive elderly patients according to the behavioural intention model in health care centers of chaharmahal and bakhtiary province


1 Department of Health, Behbahan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Behbahan, Iran
2 MSc Nursing, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
3 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
4 Department of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Fatemeh Amini
Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2468-6565.190977

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Background: Nowadays, the population of old people is growing worldwide and the diseases and complications related to it, especially hypertension may lead to many disabilities and impose high costs on the society. This study is conducted to assess the nutritional knowledge, attitude and performance of hypertensive elderly patients by means of behavioural intention model. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study in 2012, 100 elderly persons, referred to Farsan health center were selected randomly. The data collection was performed by a questionnaire consisted of four sections: Knowledge, attitude, performance and demographic data. Result: 79 people (79%) of the participants were female and 21 (21%) were male. 93% of them were unemployed and 78% were married. 60% of the participants had not a family history of hypertension and 93% had never been trained about hypertension. 62% of the studied elderly patients had hypertension for about 5 years. Although the mean score of knowledge and performance was low, the mean score of attitude (belief subscales of the model) was high. The mean scores in men and women were compared and no statistically significant difference was observed (P > 0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, i recommended to plan and implement proper educational programs to promote hypertensive elderly patients' knowledge, attitude and performance. By this way, we may reduce the complications of this disease.


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