|Year : 2015 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 61-62
How to write and publish a scientific manuscript in english: Introducing some practical guidelines for non-english speaking scholars
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Occupational Environmental Research Center, Rafsanjan Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
|Date of Web Publication||21-Sep-2016|
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Occupational Environmental Research Center, Rafsanjan Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Nowadays, the skill of writing scholarly articles in English has become a necessary skill for the researches. If you are a non-English speaking scholar who would like to write and publish a paper in English, you should read this article very carefully. The aim of this narrative review article is to provide non-English speaking scholars with the details of some practical guidelines on how to write and publish a scientific article in English.
Keywords: Non-English speaking scholars, practical guidelines, writing scientific English paper
|How to cite this article:|
Rezaeian M. How to write and publish a scientific manuscript in english: Introducing some practical guidelines for non-english speaking scholars. J Hum Health 2015;1:61-2
|How to cite this URL:|
Rezaeian M. How to write and publish a scientific manuscript in english: Introducing some practical guidelines for non-english speaking scholars. J Hum Health [serial online] 2015 [cited 2017 Dec 15];1:61-2. Available from: http://www.jhhjournal.org/text.asp?2015/1/3/61/190971
| Introduction|| |
Nowadays, the skill of writing scholarly articles in English has become a necessary skill for the researches., If you are a non-English speaking scholar who would like to write and publish a paper in English, you should follow some practical guidelines., Otherwise, you might end up with a rejected manuscript or even worse a published paper in an open access predatory journal full of errors. In what follows, I will try based on my personal experiences to provide you with the details of some practical guidelines.
| Practical Guidelines|| |
- The first practical guideline is to carry out a comprehensive literature review. This not only helps you to design and conduct a sound research but also avoids you to commit research misconduct due to not comprehensively carry out your literature review. Furthermore, it helps you to become familiar with the English rhetoric of scientific writing related to your topic. Read each retrieved paper carefully. Learn how other scientists in your filed write their papers. At the same time, meticulously examine their obtained materials and methods. Remember that if you are going to publish an English paper in a prestigious journal it should add something new to the existing knowledge. Therefore, you should design and conduct a better study in comparison with the previously published studies
- Based on what has mentioned in the previous step, write your research proposal. At this stage and based on your type of study, try to prepare your research proposal according to its appropriate publication guidelines. Furthermore, you should also try to get your research proposal funded by an appropriate funding agency. If it would be possible, you should allocate some of your requested budget for translating and editing your final manuscript into English
- It is very wise if from the first place you would be able to design and carry out a collaborative research with an English native speaking team and/or person., It would help you to not only raise the standard and quality of your research but to prepare its final manuscript in English
- Carry out your designed research with the highest possible standard. Avoid any types of research misconduct either serious ones such as data fabrication or data falsification and less serious ones such as ignoring outliers or ignoring missing data 
- As soon as finishing your actual research within the laboratory, bedside or field and carrying out your data analyses, write the first draft of your manuscript. If you have already had a native English scholar in your team, it is straightforward to prepare your first draft in English. Otherwise, you should write your first draft in your mother-tongue language
- In the next step and if you have written your first draft in your mother-tongue language, you should find someone to translate it for you in English. At this stage, you should be very cautious to select someone whose first language is English and fully familiar with academic writing. Beware of predatory persons or organisations who simply would like to take your money away. Besides, if you select a professional person/organisation for translation, you could be sure that they protect you from other types of research misconduct, especially plagiarism. Otherwise, selecting an inappropriate person/organisation might also put you endanger of innocently committing such awful research misconduct
- When receiving the first translated draft read it for a number of times. If you are uncertain about anything, ask it from your translator to make everything clear. Ask other authors of the manuscript to read it very carefully and inform you immediately of any comments that they might have. It is also wise if someone not in the authorial team who is familiar with English academic writing read your manuscript. At this stage, you should make sure to resolve any problems within the manuscript before submission
- Submit your manuscript to the most appropriate prestigious journal  and beware of some open access predatory journals. Remember that a prestigious journal applies peer review process the outcome of which almost helps authors to raise the quality and standard of their manuscript. While an open access predatory journal only tries to accept as much as article that it can without applying a proper peer review process. As a result such journals put you endanger of publishing an article full of errors 
- In due course, if the outcome of the last step is positive, that is, the editor asking you to resubmit your manuscript either with minor or major corrections, you should carefully revise and resubmit your paper based on the comments of reviewers and wait for the final outcome to be announced. If the outcome of the last step is negative, you do not get disappointed. Based on the comments of the reviewers/editor, carefully revise your article and send it to the second most appropriate prestigious journal.
| Conclusion|| |
Publishing a scientific article in English has become a necessity but painstaking skill for non-English scholars. Therefore, non-English speaking scholars should follow some practical guidelines to avoid ending up with a rejected manuscript or even worse a published paper in a predatory open access journal full of errors. In the present narrative review article, the details of nine relevant practical guidelines are provided.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Waheed AA. Scientists turn to journals in English. ScientificWorldJournal 2001;1:239-40.
Meneghini R, Packer AL. Is there science beyond English? Initiatives to increase the quality and visibility of non-English publications might help to break down language barriers in scientific communication. EMBO Rep 2007;8:112-6.
Tompson A. How to write an English medical manuscript that will be published and have impact. Surg Today 2006;36:407-9.
Baron TH. ABC's of writing medical papers in English. Korean J Radiol 2012;13 Suppl 1:S1-11.
Rezaeian M. Disadvantages of publishing biomedical research articles in English for non-native speakers of English. Epidemiol Health 2015;37:e2015021.
Rezaeian M. A review on the diverse types of research misconduct. Middle East J Fam Med 2014;12:43-4.
Rezaeian M. The application of publication guidelines should extend to cover their designing stage and protocol writing. Ann Epidemiol 2013;23:815.
Rezaeian M. How to write a successful grant proposal. Middle East J Fam Med 2015;13:27-8.
Chandiwana S, Ornbjerg N. Review of north-south and south-south cooperation and conditions necessary to sustain research capability in developing countries. J Health Popul Nutr 2003;21:288-97.
Lansang MA, Dennis R. Building capacity in health research in the developing world. Bull World Health Organ 2004;82:764-70.
Ludbrook J. Writing intelligible English prose for biomedical journals. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2007;34:508-14.
Rezaeian M.How to avoid the rejection of your manuscript. Middle East J Bus 2015;10:46-7.
Rezaeian M.How to select a relevant journal to submit your article. Middle East J Bus 2015;10:45-6.
Butler D. Investigating journals: The dark side of publishing. Nature 2013;495:433-5.
Spier R. The history of the peer-review process. Trends Biotechnol 2002;20:357-8.