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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 56-59

Tobacco Use among Adults and its Associated Factors in a Rural Area in Karnataka, India

Department of Community Health, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Catherin Nisha
Department of Community Health, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: Nil., Conflict of Interest: There are no confl icts of interest.

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Background: Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of premature death and disease, currently causing over 5 million deaths per year globally, accounting for 9% of annual deaths. We conducted this research to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and its associated factors, among adults in a rural area in Karnataka, India. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted in a rural area of Bangalore Urban district Karnataka, India using systematic random sampling with a sample size of 295 adults. A door to door survey was conducted during July to August 2012, using a validated questionnaire adapted from Global Adult Tobacco Survey, India. Results: The study population comprised of 157 males (53%) and 138 females (47%). The prevalence of tobacco use was found to be 39.3% of which 17.3% were current tobacco smokers and 22% used smokeless form of tobacco. There was a significant association between smoking and age, literacy, and socioeconomic status. We found that 59% of smokers had attempted to quit in the past 12 months as compared to 44% in smokeless tobacco users. About 61% of current smokers who noticed health warnings on cigarette packs attempted to quit. Conclusion: Smoking form of tobacco use was higher among males and smokeless tobacco use was higher among females.

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