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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 51-55

Effect of Training with Teaching Methods Designed Based on Health Belief Model on Knowledge and Self-efficacy in Nurses on the Disciplines Standard Precautions in Hospitals


1 Department of Health Education and Health, Promotion Faculty of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
2 Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Asst Prof. M Shamsi
Department of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Markazi
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Since education is one of the main elements of prevention and control of nosocomial infections, this study aimed to effect of training with teaching methods designed based on health belief model (HBM) on knowledge and self-efficacy in nurses on the disciplines and standard precautions were taken. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study that was carried out on 100 nurses 50 in experimental and 50 nurses in control group of nurses working hospitals. Data collection tool performed a valid and reliable questionnaire on HBM on preventive behaviours of nosocomial infections. Statistical analysis was performed using t-test, paired t-test and Chi-square. Results: Mean age in the groups of intervention and control was 35.20 ± 7/41 years and 35.02 ± 7/38 , respectively. Before the intervention, mean scores of the knowledge and self-efficacy of nosocomial infection in the two groups do not have a significant statistical difference. However, after the theory-based training intervention, the mean scores for these variables have significant statistical differences between the two groups (P< 0.05). Conclusion: According to these study results, executives of the plan support the efficacy of the model on promoting knowledge and self-efficacy on the disciplines and standard precautions in nurses. Therefore, use of this model is recommended in health centres and hospitals.


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