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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 46-50

Developing Nurse's Educational Program Regarding Pain Management of Cancerous Patient: Does Health Belief Model Useful?

1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Public Health, SchoolofHealth, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gholamreza Sharifirad
Department of Public Health, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Some of reasons such as fear from side effects of anti-pain drugs, fear from decreasing concentration in disease treatment, and believe that pain unseparatable section from cancer, resulted that treatment staff such as nurses who are patients main caregivers do not have suitable approach toward cancer pain management. This study aims to determine application of Health Belief Model (HBM) in nurses education regarding pain management of cancerous patients. Materials and Methods: In this prospective quasi-experimental study, among educational hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences two eligible hospitals (Al-Zahra and Seyed Al-Shohada) have considered to do study. Data gathering tool was HBM base questionnaire which after confirmation of validity and reliability has completed by two groups. Two and six months after educational intervention, questionnaire completed by two groups again. Resulted data entered to SPSS version 18, (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) software and analysed by related statistical tests at significant level of P < 0.05. Results: Finding showed that, the mean scores HBM constructs hadn't have significant difference between two groups before educational intervention (P>0.05). Measuring the mean scores 2 and 6 months after educational intervention showed significant differences between two groups in case of mentioned variables (P< 0.001). Repeated measure ANOVA test indicated that 2 and 6 months after education, the mean scores of HBM constructs have significantly increased in the intervention group (P< 0.001). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate the effectiveness of educational intervention based on HBM in increasing knowledge and attitude of nurses regarding pain management in cancerous patient. Since, the palliative care is a new topic, doing similar studies with patient and cure staff target groups will be promoted pain management approach in the country.

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