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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-12

Evaluating Dietary Perceptions Education Program among Rural Hypertensive Patients on Commitment and Adherence to Healthy Diet


1 Department of Public Health, Khalkhal Faculty of Medical Sciences, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
2 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
3 Department of Health Education and Promotion, Khalkhal Faculty of Medical Sciences, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Gholamreza Sharifirad
Department Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: A healthy diet has beneficial effects on reducing risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. This study was aimed to determine the effect of theoretical educational program on commitment and adherence to healthy diet in rural hypertensive patients. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 138 hypertensive patients (68 in the intervention group and 70 in the control group) those referred to Ardabil rural health centers during 2013. The data were collected by a validated and reliable questionnaire. The pretest and posttest had an interval of 2 and 6 months. Health promotion model was used as a theoretical framework to explain the motivation of a behavior. Descriptive analysis, repeated measure, t-test, and T-paired with SPSS-18 were used to analyze data. Results: After intervention, knowledge scores, health promotion model constructs, and follow-up score increased significantly in the intervention group compared to the control group (P < 0.001). In contrast, perceived barriers reduced in the intervention group compared to the control group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Educational intervention provided based on Pender's health promotion model had a beneficial effect on commitment and adherence to healthy diet.


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